Breastfeeding gives new mothers like you immense joy. It is a great time to bond with your baby. You are trying your best to stay healthy and pass on all the required nutrition to your baby. Falling sick and not being able to nurse your baby may be your worst nightmare.
Are you suffering from hepatitis and are worried sick that you may pass it on to your baby while breastfeeding him? If you are looking for answers, read on to know more in detail about hepatitis and breastfeeding.
What Is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis is a viral infection that makes your liver swell and in severe cases leads to scarring (fibrosis) or cancer. Sometimes, prolonged drug or alcohol abuse can lead to hepatitis. In other cases, your body’s immune system may attack the healthy liver cells by mistake and lead to hepatitis (1) .
What Is Hepatitis A, B, And C?
Here are the three main types of hepatitis:
1. Hepatitis A (HAV):
HAVor infectious hepatitis lasts for a short time. Hepatitis A is the initial stage of the infection and may be mild or severe. It is not known to be life threatening. It mainly spreads through food or water contaminated by human waste. Safe and effective vaccinations are available for prevention of hepatitis A.
2. Hepatitis B (HBV):
HBV or serum hepatitis lasts longer than hepatitis A. It can lead to chronic liver diseases and therefore be life threatening too. It spreads through contaminated food, intercourse and exchange of bodily fluids like saliva, mucus or blood. Safe and effective vaccinations are available for prevention of hepatitis B or HBV(2).
3. Hepatitis C (HCV):
Hepatitis C begins with mild symptoms but can cause liver cancer. It spreads through sexual contact or infected blood or needles. There are no vaccinations for hepatitis C or HCV yet (3) .
Symptoms Of Hepatitis:
Here are the most common symptoms:
- Mild fever
- Pain in the abdomen and joints
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
Breastfeeding And Hepatitis:
Depending on the stage and severity of your condition, your doctor will suggest whether feeding is okay or not. In most cases, mothers affected with hepatitis can breastfeed.
1. Suffering From Hepatitis A (HAV):
Hepatitis A does not transmit through breast milk. If you are suffering from Hepatitis A, your doctor will most likely give you the go ahead to breastfeed. Usually doctors prescribe gamma globulin, a medicine safe for lactating mothers. Check with your doctor about the medication.
2. Suffering From Hepatitis B (HBV):
Thinking can you breastfeed with hepatitis b? Well, if your doctor diagnoses you with hepatitis B, your baby will need to take a full set of immunization. The first immunization shot for your baby may be within 12 hours of birth. The next immunization will be between the first and second month. When your baby is between 9 and 18 months, your doctor will schedule certain tests to rule out infection.
3. Suffering From Hepatitis C (HCV):
If you are suffering from hepatitis C, you may feel excessively tired. While HCV does not spread through breastfeeding, your doctor may advise you to stop it temporarily as a precautionary measure.
Things To Remember:
Both hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) can spread through contaminated blood. As a breastfeeding mother if you are suffering from HBV or HCV, you must ensure you take extra care of your nipples. Cracked nipples can sometimes bleed and lead to the spread of the hepatitis infection (4). Use a safe and effective nipple soothing cream to prevent dryness and cracks. If you notice any cracks or bleeding in or around the nipple, stop breastfeeding.
Speak to your doctor to know about the tests that can help diagnose hepatitis. As hepatitis also spreads through contaminated sources, it is important to maintain hygiene. Ensure you always keep your home and kitchen clean. Practice safe sex. Always wash your hands after using the washroom or visiting a public place.
Breastfeeding is a highly emotional and important phase for you as a mother. It is important both you and your baby be in the best of health. If you have, any doubts or concerns speak to your doctor to know more about breastfeeding and hepatitis.
If you have suffered from any form of Hepatitis while nursing your baby, please share with us your experience and advice.
Is It Safe To Take Caffeine While Breastfeeding?
Giving in to all your food cravings can be an issue when you are breastfeeding because what goes into your diet goes into your breast milk too. Not all foods that you have may end up in the breast milk, but most do. Caffeine is one such food that is craved for by a lot of women. It is a part of many day-to-day foods that is debated upon for its safety and consumption when you are breastfeeding.
As per the guidelines from Medications and Mother’s Milk, caffeine falls under the Lactation Risk Category L2 (safer) category. It was classified as a ‘Maternal Medication Usually Compatible with Breastfeeding’ by the American Academy of Pediatrics. In fact, caffeine has been directly given as treatment for breathing problems in premature babies for years, that too in much higher amounts compared to what is found in the breastmilk! MomJunction helps you understand all about caffeine and breastfeeding, how much to take and when to avoid.
Does Caffeine Affect Breast Milk?
Yes, caffeine gets into breast milk! Once you drink a cup of coffee, the caffeine is rapidly absorbed into your blood, and diffuses passively across the epithelial layers of the mammary glands. But, very low levels (less than 1% of what is consumed) may end up in the breast milk and clinically significant amount of caffeine is not found. Caffeine appears in the milk within 15 minutes of intake, while the concentration levels would be at its peak after an hour (1).
Dr. SK Gambhir of Paras Bliss hospital in Delhi says that the effect on breast milk stays for a maximum of 120 minutes.
Are Babies Sensitive To Caffeine Intake Of Nursing Mother?
Some babies, especially those under six months of age, may be sensitive to mother’s caffeine intake. More reactions can be observed in nursing infants whose mothers entirely avoided caffeine during pregnancy (2).
Caffeine may get accumulated in breastfeeding babies if their mothers consume high amounts and can cause irritability, insomnia, and constipation. The accumulation is due to the inability of the baby’s body to break down and eliminate caffeine.
Newborns take more time to metabolize caffeine compared to older infants because of their immature liver and kidneys. Preterm or sick infants may also have problems because of their inability to metabolize caffeine.
|Age Group||Half Life (Hours)|
|Premature neonates (3-32 days)||102.9|
|Term neonates (0-4 days)||80.0|
|1-2 1/2 Months||26.3|
|3-4 1/2 Months||14.2|
*Half-Life is the time taken for a substance to become half inside a human body.
Even though babies show sensitivity to caffeine, it may disappear as they grow older. Babies will begin to process caffeine more efficiently at about three months of age (3), and it would become much easier over time. By the time the baby is nine months old, he would develop the ability to eliminate caffeine at the same rate as you do!
How Much Caffeine Can You Have While Breastfeeding?
According to Dr. SK Gambhir, a breastfeeding mother needs to limit her caffeine intake to less than 300mg a day.
An acceptable amount of caffeine while breastfeeding varies based on factors like baby’s health, age, and tolerance levels. Moreover, caffeine is diuretic and causes dehydration, and it is important to be hydrated particularly while nursing. Thus, it is advisable to limit caffeine consumption while breastfeeding with not more than two or three cups of tea, coffee, or caffeine beverage each day (4).
In the US, not more than 200mg caffeine a day is recommended for breastfeeding mothers. It comes to about two mugs of tea or one mug of filter coffee or two mugs of instant coffee, a day. NHS recommends that you have caffeine drinks occasionally, rather than every day, if your baby is young.
As per the Breastfeeding Answer Book, caffeine consumption of over 750 mg per day by nursing mothers may result in babies showing signs of caffeine stimulation, such as:
- less sleep hours
Ways To Decrease Caffeine Stimulation
If you observe signs of caffeine stimulation in your baby, avoid caffeine for two to three weeks and check the difference. Reintroduce to observe if the baby shows irritability.
Few ways to decrease caffeine stimulation are:
- Limiting the consumption of caffeine while nursing
- Spreading the coffee intake over the course of the day
- Breastfeeding before or after an hour of caffeine ingestion or pumping breast milk
- Monitoring the baby’s reaction when exposed or withdrawn from caffeine consumption
- Taking few glasses of water after caffeine consumption to dilute its effect in the body
**If you consider caffeine withdrawal as a way to soothe your fussy baby, make it happen gradually. Abrupt withdrawal may give you a headache, anxiety, fatigue, and depression.
Does Caffeine Decrease Breast Milk Supply?
No research or evidence supports the myth that caffeine decreases milk supply in nursing mothers. In fact, a study indicated that caffeine does not change breast milk composition, and rather, stimulates milk production (5). Even if the decreased milk supply is observed in few cases, it could be due to the decreased nursing of fussy babies, rather than the caffeine intake.
However, few studies suggests that the chronic caffeine ingestion could lessen the iron content in milk, which may lead to mild iron deficiency or anemia in some breastfed infants.
When Should Nursing Mothers Completely Avoid Caffeine?
If you are a nursing mother having a Raynaud’s phenomenon, a circulatory disorder, avoid caffeine. The condition is due to the constriction of blood vessels, which leads to lesser blood flow. It even affects your nipples and the constriction worsens with caffeine, ending up in painful breastfeeding.
Caffeine consumption may affect a nursing mother’s let-down reflex (the milk ejection reflex from the breasts), in case of nipple vasospasm.
What Are Different Caffeine Sources?
Caffeine can be found in:
- soft drinks
- sports, energy drinks
- few prescription medicines
- over-the-counter medications for cold, headache, and allergy remedies
- coffee ice cream
- herbal products containing kola nut/cola nitida, guarana/paullinea cupana, yerba mate, or green tea
Caffeine Content In Common Drinks
|Drinks||Caffeine Level (mg)|
|Coffee, Brewed(8 oz)||>80-135|
|Coffee, Instant(8 oz)||>65-100|
|Tea, iced(8 oz)||47|
|Tea, brewed, imported brands (avg.)(8 oz)||60|
|Tea, green(8 oz)||15|
|Hot cocoa(8 oz)||>14|
|Dark chocolate (1 oz)||>20 mg|
|Diet Coke(12 oz)||45.6|
|Red Bull (8.2 oz)||>80.0|
A nursing mother can enjoy caffeinated drinks and foods without any concern, as long as it is within a limit. In case the baby shows discomfort, it is better to seek a doctor’s advice and chalk out the caffeine consumption plans.
Q. What Can I Have Instead Of Caffeine Drinks?
A. A great option would be to have decaffeinated products like coffee free from caffeine, decaffeinated green tea, or herbal tea. You could also have flavored water with a slice of lime or lemon, semi-skimmed or skimmed milk, no-added-sugar squashes. Instead of cocoa or hot chocolate rich in caffeine, go for a hot malt drink.
Q. How Many Cups Of Coffee Are Okay Each Day?
A. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends not more than three cups daily, while La Leche League considers five cups of coffee while breastfeeding each day to be safe.
Q. How To Limit Caffeine Intake Through Coffee Or Tea?
A. Opting for espresso drinks like lattes or instant coffee, which have less caffeine than the regular brewed coffee would be better. Take a tea that is brewed for less time or tea bag steeped in water for a lesser time.
Q. Are Energy Drinks Containing Caffeine, Safer During Breastfeeding?
A. It is advisable to cut down on energy drinks altogether as they are loaded with caffeine.
Q. Is Coffee Bean Extract Safe For Nursing Mothers?
A. Green coffee bean extract is a herbal, homeopathic product helpful in lowering the blood pressure and body weight. Even though no study talks about the safety of the product for a breastfeeding mother, it is important to note few points before going ahead.
Green coffee bean extract contains caffeine if it comes in dosages of 43 mg, 93 mg, or 185 mg. The higher the dosage, the more the caffeine. Opt for low dosage product or avoid caffeine if your baby shows reactions against it.
Moms share your experiences about consuming caffeine during breastfeeding here. How addicted or not were you?
4 Amazingly Different Ways You Can Use Fenugreek During Your Lactation Period
Mommies, who are concerned about how to increase breast milk, need not worry, as Fenugreek can rescue you. Fenugreek has been used popularly as a spice of an herb for ages. It is known to induce labor and also assist in childbirth.
Fenugreek seeds can be a safe answer for you as well as your baby for increasing breast milk. How?
Fenugreek For Breast Milk Production:
When it comes to increasing your milk supply, it is always better to try the non-pharmaceutical measures first. The herbal medicines will have lesser side effects compared to the prescribed medicines to increase breast milk supply. Here we shall explore the link between fenugreek and breast milk production:
- Mothers should have noted that they find increase in milk production after 24-72 hours of taking fenugreek.
- You need to take around 3,500 mg of fenugreek in the form of pills, seeds or herb to see the effect. With regular intake, you can slowly find increase in your milk production. After some time, you can see your urine and sweat beginning to smell like maple syrup. You must try alternative methods, if in case you face any discomforts.
- Per Kathleen Huggins says, “Most mothers have found that the herb can be discontinued once milk production is stimulated to an appropriate level. Adequate production is usually maintained as long as sufficient breast stimulation and emptying continues.”
Different Ways You Can Use Fenugreek For Increasing Breast Milk:
Fenugreek can be taken in different ways during your lactation period. Here are some possibilities:
1. Tea: You can add around 3 teaspoons of fenugreek seeds in a cup of water and bring it to boil to make the tea. You can have this around three times a day.
2. Capsules: The seeds are available in the form of capsules as well. You need to consult your lactating doctor about the doses. You can begin with three capsules a day, and then increase it slowly till your urine smells like maple syrup.
3. Sprout The Seeds: This is one of the easiest and tastiest ways to take fenugreeks. Soak the seeds in a clean glass of water and do not disturb them for around 5 days. You can see the sprouts after few days. You can add them to your salad.
4. Fenugreek Powder: Fenugreek can be taken in the form of powder. You can mix a teaspoon of it with fruit juice and take them daily. Discontinue its use if you experience muscle cramps.
Be Careful Of The Side Effects:
You must consult with your herbal specialist or lactation doctor to know if your baby is exposed to any sorts of dangers when you take fenugreek daily. Here is a list of side effects that you should be careful while taking fenugreek for breast milk supply:
- Fenugreek seeds induce labor, and thus it is suggested that you avoid them in pregnancy.
- If you notice any allergic reactions, inform it to the doctor. You may be allergic to fenugreek if you have allergies from peanuts or soy.
- If you begin with heavy doses of fenugreek, it might lead to diarrhea. The herb also passes through your breast milk and your baby might develop diarrhea as well. Thus, it is important that you start with the small dose and then increase the intake slowly.
- See if your urine, sweat and breast milk smells like maple syrup. You must inform your baby’s doctor about your fenugreek intake.
- You must consult your doctor in case you feel you are not producing enough milk, despite trying different measures.
- Your lactating consultant may suggest you to take fenugreek to augment your milk supply.
- Make sure you are starting with a small dose to keep away the side effects.
- You must follow the advice of your doctor at every step. This will free your mind from all concerns like if you are harming your baby in any way.
Let us know if fenugreek helped you to augment your breast milk production in the comment section below.
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